Lisbon Commerce Square

Lisbon Commerce SquareLisbon Commerce Square

The Lisbon Commerce Square is the centerpiece of the city downtown reconstruction by Marquis de Pombal after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, that reduced the area to rubble. Its main attractions are a monumental equestrian statue of the King D. José I and the Triumphal Arch leading to Rua Augusta.

The bronze statue is decorated with large sculpture overlooking to the majestic square showing the king José on a horse trampling snakes.

The arch is the symbol for the reconstruction. The work started in 1759 and stopped soon after. The project was picked up again in 1843  by the architect Veríssimo José da Costa. Finally finished in 1873, it shows a figure of Glory crowning Genius and Bravery. Below are important historical figure representations of Tagus river. Originally the arch was designed by Santos de Carvalho.

The square is known as the “Terreiro do Paço” (Palace Square). Ribeira National Palace the most impressive Portuguese building stood here until its destruction by the devastating earthquake. Home of numerous art pieces and a large library with around 70,000 books.

Lisbon Commerce Square

Lisbon Commerce Square

The Lisbon Commerce Square has been the place of historical events such like the murder of King Carlos I and is heir D. Luis Filipe, on February 1st, 1908. Arriving to Lisbon the carriage with Carlos I and his family passing through the square, shots were fired from the crowd by at least two men. The king died immediately, his heir Luís Filipe was mortally wounded, and Prince Manuel was hit. The assassins were shot on the spot by members of the bodyguard and later recognized as members of the Republican Party – which two years later overthrew the Portuguese monarchy.

Nowadays a new atmosphere is living on the square with coffee shops and restaurants facing the river. Before and not long ago government closed doors occupied most of the buildings.

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Commerce Square

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Commerce Square 38.708314, -9.136493 Commerce Square Lisbon City Card